Book of exodus summary pdf

So God looked on the Israelites and was concerned about them. You shall have no other gods before me. Exodus means exit, departure or a going out. So the Egyptians made slaves of the Israelites.

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It records various experiences of Moses life which ultimately lead to Israelites freedom from Pharoah. The book of Exodus ends with a description of the order of worship which centers around the Law of Moses. Pharaoh tries to halt the growth of the Israelites. Moses slays an Egyptian. Moses In Midian. Moses and the burning thornbush.

Book of Exodus

God speaks to Moses from the middle of a burning bush. Aaron joins Moses. Chapter 5 Moses and Aaron go to Pharaoh. Pharaoh increases his oppression on Israelites. Israel blames Moses and Aaron. Genealogy of Moses and Aaron. Moses And Aaron again appear Before Pharaoh. Chapter 7 God strengthens Moses. Aaron turns his staff into a snake. Plague 1: all the water becomes blood.

Chapter 8 God sends plagues of frogs. Pharaoh sues to Moses, who by prayer removes them away. Plague 3 of gnats, Plague 4 of gadflies. Chapter 9 God sends plagues of livestock disease, body sores, and hail.

Pharaoh sues to Moses, but yet is hardened. Chapter 12 Death Of Firstborn Blood to be splashed on doorposts.The book of Exodus details God's call to the people of Israel to get up and leave their position of slavery in Egypt. Exodus records more miracles of God than any other book in the Old Testament. God rescues and delivers his people as he guides them into the unfamiliar desert. There God institutes his system of laws, gives instruction in worship and establishes his people as the nation of Israel.

Exodus is a book of tremendous spiritual significance. Moses is credited as the author. Exodus begins in Egypt where the people of God have been living in slavery to Pharaoh. There are several significant themes in the book of Exodus. Israel's slavery is a picture of man's slavery to sin. Ultimately only through God's divine guidance and leadership can we escape our slavery to sin.

However, God also directed the people through the godly leadership of Moses. Typically God also leads us into freedom through wise leadership and through his word. The people of Israel had been crying out to God for deliverance. He was concerned about their suffering and he rescued them. Yet Moses and the people had to exercise courage to obey and follow God.

Once free and living in the desert, the people complained and began to yearn for the familiar days of Egypt.

Often the unfamiliar freedom that comes when we follow and obey God, feels uncomfortable and even painful at first. If we trust God he will lead us into our Promised Land. The institution of the law and the Ten Commandments in Exodus reveals the emphasis and importance of choice and responsibility in God's kingdom. God blesses obedience and punishes disobedience. I have heard them crying out because of their slave drivers, and I am concerned about their suffering.

So I have come down to rescue them from the hand of the Egyptians and to bring them up out of that land into a good and spacious land, a land flowing with milk and honey And now the cry of the Israelites has reached me, and I have seen the way the Egyptians are oppressing them. So now, go. I am sending you to Pharaoh to bring my people the Israelites out of Egypt.

Exodus God said to Moses, "I am who I am. This is what you are to say to the Israelites: 'I AM has sent me to you. I am slow of speech and tongue. Who makes him deaf or mute? Who gives him sight or makes him blind?

Share Flipboard Email. Mary Fairchild. Christianity Expert. Mary Fairchild is a full-time Christian minister, writer, and editor of two Christian anthologies, including "Stories of Cavalry. Facebook Facebook Twitter Twitter. Updated February 06, The people of Israel and the people of God for all generations to come.JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser.

For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. The Israelites are right where we left them in Genesishanging out in Egypt and multiplying. But then a new Pharaoh comes to power, and he starts enslaving the Israelites.

When he gets worried about how many Israelites there are, he orders that all Egyptians must help to kill all male Israelite babies to control the population. Talk about a morally fraught order. One baby boy, Moses, survives because his mother puts him in the Nile and he's picked up by Pharaoh's daughter.

Moses grows up as an Egyptian prince, but then kills an Egyptian overseer when he sees the man beating an Israelite, one of Moses's kin. Drama's a-brewing. Moses heads out of town because of what he did, and finds himself in the wilderness. Eventually, Moses has an encounter with God, who appears to him out of a bush that's engulfed in flames, but does not burn. This was before things like that were all postmodern and hipster cool. God's message: Moses and his brother Aaron must go to Egypt to free the Israelites.

Moses and Aaron ask Pharaoh really nicely if he'll set the slaves free, but God makes him give the brothers a big, fat "get lost. Then, to top it off, God finally slays each Egyptian firstborn.

Talk about a show of force. Pharaoh lets the Israelites go, but then changes his mind. What can we say? He's a fickle guy. The Egyptians pursue the fleeing Israelites to the Red Sea.

Book of Exodus

God and Moses split the sea apart, allowing the Israelites to cross the water. Trippy as this journey is, they get across. Pharaoh enters after them, but God closes the sea, and the Egyptians drown. Womp womp. Now the Israelites are in the desert. God helps them solve basic food and water problems, and they set about coming up with rules for the new nation.

God gives Moses the Ten Commandments, but Moses smashes the tablets when he sees that the Israelites have been worshipping a golden calf on Aaron's permission while Moses was chatting with God. That's the ultimate betrayal.The book of Exodus is the story of God rescuing the children of Israel from Egypt and forging a special relationship with them.

This book follows Israel out of Egypt into the desert, where the nation is specifically aligned with God as opposed to the idols of Egypt and the surrounding nations. This is the book in which God first lays out his expectations for the people of Israel—we know these expectations as the 10 Commandments.

Most of the Old Testament is about how Israel meets or fails to meet these expectations. God Yahweh —the creator of heaven and earth and the divine being who chooses the nation of Israel to represent him on earth. God goes to war against the gods of Egypt, frees Israel from their tyranny, and then makes a pact with the new nation. While the rest of the nations serve lesser gods, Yahweh selects the descendants of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob as the people group that will serve him and him alone.

Exodus Summary

Moses —the greatest of the Old Testament prophets who serves as a go-between for God and the other humans in the book of Exodus. Aaron assists Moses as a spokesperson, and eventually is made the high priest of the nation of Israel.

Pharaoh —the chief antagonist in the Exodus story. Pharaoh enslaves the nation of Israel, commits genocide, and is generally a huge jerk. Exodus is all about God making Israel his own. God rescues the descendants of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob whom he made some important promises to back in Genesis. Finally, God sets up camp in the midst of the new nation: they are his people, and he is their God.

When God gives Israel the Ten Commandments, he frames them by stating his relationship to the Hebrews. This verse sums up the themes of Exodus nicely:.

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You can find more Bible verse art here. Like the rest of the Torah, covenant is a big theme here. God makes a solemn, binding agreement with the people of Israel, establishing himself as their god and them as his people. This relationship comes with certain expectations, with benefits for the Israelites if they uphold their end of the agreement, and consequences if they do not.

Toward the beginning of the book, the cries of Israel rise up to God, who hears them and remembers his promises to Abraham back in Genesis. In the middle of the book, God meets Israel in the wilderness: he is high atop a mountain, and they are on the plain below. God is closer to the people, but still a ways off. This is related to the theme of covenant—specifically, the expectations God has for the people of Israel. From chapter 20 onward, we start seeing more and more directives for the people on how to live as the people of God.Bible History Online.

Exodus - Thou shalt have no other gods before me. Quick Overview of Exodus. Quick Summary of Exodus. The second book of Moses, also known as the second book of the Pentateuch is called "Exodus" because of all the events that take place in the first half of the book.

The the clear focus is the departure of the children of Israel from Egypt. The word, "exodus" is derived from a Greek word meaning "going out. The exact number of years between the migration of Jacob into Egypt until the exodus is given as Exodus At the end of the book of Genesis the Hebrews were living in the fertile land of Goshen and was being fed from the granaries of the Pharaoh of Egypt. In the beginning of the book of Exodus the Hebrews are seen as slaves of the Egyptians, a nation without a country or a national unawareness of their calling from God.

Exodus shows the development of Israel and the birth of a real nation, and the promises of God to Abraham begin to unfold. After verse seven in the first chapter of the book of Exodus Israel is noticed by the Egyptians as being great in number and prosperous.

book of exodus summary pdf

In view of this the book of Exodus seems to fall into seven distinct sections:. This section includes the birth, education and flight of Moses; his call to be deliverer of his people and his consequent return from Midian to Egypt; and his first ineffectual attempts to prevail upon Pharaoh to let the Israelites go, which resulted only in an increase in their burdens.

book of exodus summary pdf

This section also includes the account of the observance of the first Passover ch. This section also contains a narrative of the principal events on the journey from the Red Sea to Sinai, including the coming of the manna, the observance of the Sabbath, the supply of water from the rock at Rephidim and the advice of Jethro concerning the civil government of the great mass of people.

The laws recorded in this section regulated the religious, civil, and social life of the Israelites. Exodus is a book of redemption in which God delivers His people out of bondage and brings them into a special relationship with Himself.

Bibliography Resources on the Old Testament. Toggle navigation. Coast Map of Israel's S. In view of this the book of Exodus seems to fall into seven distinct sections: Outline of the Book of Exodus 1 The sufferings of Israel What has been said to the book of Genesis also applies to Exodus.

In Genesis Moses depended on the revelations of God and possibly on the accounts of his ancestors while he was mostly able to write down the happenings of Exodus to Deuteronomy by his own view and experience under the guidance of the Holy Spirit compare Exodus ; Deuteronomy ; Deuteronomy Between the happenings at the end of Genesis and the beginning of Exodus there are nearly years.

In the book of Exodus we find no longer exclusively the dealings of God with individuals mentioned.

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We are coming to know a redeemed people of God. The origin and redemption of God's earthly people Israel is described.

book of exodus summary pdf

Israel is delivered from the slavery in Egypt and is led on to the way into the promised land of Canaan. Therefore Exodus is the book of redemption. Its landmarks are the Passover and the passage through the Red Sea see explanation in 1 Corinthians ; 1 Corinthians After the exodus out of Egypt the people of Israel received the law of Jehovah and erected the tabernacle of congregation according to His command. Through that the new relationship between the people and Jehovah were fixed:.

Israel was able to approach God and to worship Him by means of the offerings. The epistles to the Romans and Galatians can be compared with the Book of Exodus, there subjects being redemption and the relation of the Christian to the law. The book of Exodus is especially rich in typical teachings.

The following is of importance: Egypt is a picture of this present world Galatiansthe Red Sea is a picture of the death and resurrection of Christ and of the death of the old man with Christ Romans The stay in the desert describes the earthly circumstances in which the believer has to stand the test John Most of today's scholars date the exodus of Israel in the 13th century BC, that is in the time of the 19th Dynasty Ramses I.

This late date leaves much too little time for the period of conquest of the land and for the time of the judges. The different indications of time in the Bible also would be untrustworthy see Jude ; 1 Kings ; Acts But if we take the Biblical indications the time of the exodus can be dated to the year BC approximately.

Exodus 1 - 13 : Israel in Egypt.

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Exodus 25 - 31 : Commandments for the Sanctuary and the Priesthood. Exodus 32 - 34 : Israel's Departure and the Grace of God.

Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Exodus 35 - 40 : The Building of the Sanctuary. Sign out. Not a member?In English Following a lost sheep from his flock, Moses encounters a burning bush. Sefer Shemot opens with the names of the sons of Israel who settle in Egypt under the protection of their brother Joseph.

Exodus: God saves His people from Egypt

One mother seeks to save her baby by hiding him in a basket in the the Nile River. Following a lost sheep from his flock, Moses encounters a burning bush.

Finally, after the tenth plague, Pharaoh agrees, and they are off. At the last minute, Pharaoh has a change of heart and leads his army into the desert to retrieve his former slaves. Israel is trapped between the Egyptian army and the Red Sea. When the Egyptians follow, the sea covers them and they drown. Israel arrives at Mount Sinai; they begin to purify themselves, and Moses goes up the mountain.

It is to be made of tapestries and hides draped over wooden beams. It shall include an inner room, containing the ark in which the tablets are stored, and an outer room, containing the showbread table, the menorah lamp and the incense altar. It is to be surrounded by a courtyard, where there is a laver and a large copper altar for animal sacrifices. Moses ascends Mt. Sinai for 40 days, after which he is to descend with two tablets bearing the Ten Commandments.

The people fear that he will not return, and create and worship a golden calf. Upon seeing what has happened, Moses shatters the tablets on the ground. At this point, our chronological depiction of events departs from the order of the text. In fact, however, it took place earlier.

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